‘Protected Plant Species’: species of the Cretan flora that are rare (many of them are endemic to Crete) or threatened, and the need for their protection is anticipated by:
• the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 “about the protection of the native flora and fauna…” (Greek Off.J. F.E.K.A’ 23/30.1.1981, corrected by F.E.K.A’ 43/18.2.1981), or
• the European Directive 92/43 (‘Habitats Directive’) “on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora” that has been adopted by the Greek legislation with the Common Ministerial Decision K.Y.A. 33318/3028/1998 (F.E.K.B’ 1289/28.12.1998), or
• the Bern Convention, signed in 1979, entered into force in 1992 and ratified by Greece with the national law 1335/1983 (F.E.K.A’ 32/14.3.1983).
‘Threatened Plant Species’: according to the “Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plant Species of Greece” (1) and the study of the ARCHI-MED project “Threatened Endemic Species of the Flora in Southern Greece” (2). Unfortunately, for these species no protection measures are foreseen thus far by any national law or international convention.
‘Other Rare Plant Species’: species of the Cretan flora that are rare due to a very restricted geographical distribution: endemic to Crete or to the Cretan area (Crete-Karpathos) or to the Southern Aegean, or to Greece, according to the most recent references (3, 4). Nevertheless, despite their singularity, they are not considered threatened and no protection measures are foreseen so far by any national law or international convention.