The ankle bone of a mainland hippopotamus (H. Antiquus) (left)
Compared to that of the of the dwarf hippo from Crete (right)

1)

Dermitzakis & Papadopoulou (1989). Pleistocene and Holocene Fauna of Crete and its First Settlers. (page 64)

2)

Baumann H. (1993) Greek Wild Flowers and plant lore in ancient Greece.

3)

Dermitzakis (1977). Lax (1996). Alexandra van der Geer, Michael Dermitzakis and John de Vos. Crete before the Cretans: The reign of Dwarfs. (Ref 2)

4)

Dermitzakis & Sondaar (1979) Pleistocene and Holocene Fauna of Crete and its First Settlers. (page 62)

5)

Joleaud, (1920) Alexandra van der Geer, Michael Dermitzakis and John de Vos. Crete before the Cretans: The reign of Dwarfs. (Ref 23)

6)

Nikos Poulakakis, Moysis Mylonas, Petros Lymberakis, Charalampos Fassoulas. (14 June 2002) Origin and taxonomy of the fossil elephants of the island of Crete, (Greece), problems and perspectives.

7)

Faure, M. (1983) Pleistocene and Holocene Fauna of Crete and its First Settlers. (page 102)

8)

Alexandra van der Geer, Michael Dermitzakis and John de Vos. Crete before the Cretans: The reign of Dwarfs.


Allopatric speciation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allopatric_speciation

Insular dwarfism http://www.viswiki.com/en/Insular_dwarfism

REFERENCES